Koda tree in southern floridaEhretia acuminata R. Brown Origin: Not native (China, Japan, Australia)

Form: An upright deciduous tree to about 15 m tall with grayish-black bark.

Leaves: Alternate, simple, elliptic or obovate

in outline, 5-13 cm long, 4-6 cm wide; margins

serrate

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Burmese Fishtail Palm in FloridaCaryota mitis Loureiro 34

Origin: Not native (India to the Philippine Islands), potentially invasive

Form: A clustering multistemmed palm with expanded, fan-shaped leaf segments; to about 8 m tall, individual trunks typically less than 15 cm dbh.

 

Leaves: Bipinnately divided, 2-3 m long; segments fan-shaped dark green, strongly ribbed and resembling a fish tail; lateral segments straight along 1 side, jagged or toothed on the other, the terminal segment straight on 2 sides, jagged and toothed at the apex.

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Palm Family (Arecaceae or Palmae) in FloridaPalm trees have long been associated with Florida’s balmy, tropical weather. Vacationers new to the state often arrive with mental images of wide sandy beaches bordered on their landward edges by picturesque lines of curving trunks and gently swaying fronds. Whether or not these romantic visions are founded in truth, the fact remains that the palm tree is one of the Sunshine State’s most common and persistent symbols. Florida’s formal relationship with the palm dates to 1953, the year the legislature voted to designate the sabal palm (Sabal palmetto) as Florida’s official state tree.

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Black Mangrove in Florida RiversAvicennia germinans (Linnaeus) Linnaeus 58 Origin: Native

Form: Bushy evergreen tree of tidal flats and other shallow saltwater habitats, potentially to about 25 m tall, usually much shorter in Florida.

Leaves: Opposite, simple, varying from elliptic to lanceolati in outline, 5-12 cm long, 2-4 cm wide, upper surfaces green, lower surfaces copiously covered with grayish pubescence, often with

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Pond-Cypress tree in southTaxodium ascendens Brongniart

Color Photos 10,11 Origin: Native

Form: Small to potentially large monoecious, deciduous tree, larger specimens to a maximum of about 40 m tall but usually not exceeding about 25 m; bark more or less narrowly and shallowly furrowed, usually deep enough to slightly insert a finger between the ridges.

Leaves: Mature leaves needlelike, green, 3-6 mm long (leaves on young trees sometimes much longer), those in the crown and on older branches closely appressed to the branchlets, on younger trees and branches often spreading and featherlike (and then appearing similar to those of bald-cypress).

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White Cypress-Pine in FloridaCallitris glaucophylla Joy Thompson & L. A. Johnson Color Photos 4,5

Origin: Not native (Australia), potentially invasive

Form: Large coniferous shrub or tree to about 30 m tall in its native range, not exceeding about 20 m in Florida; bark on lower trunk brown with narrow vertical ridges and furrows; branches grayish and more or less smooth.

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GYMNOSPERMS (CONIFERS) trees of FloridaThe cedars, yews, pines, cypress trees, Norfolk Island pine, and podocarps are among Florida’s most primitive arborescent plants. All are classified within the order Conifer- ales. The conifers - as they are commonly called - constitute the largest of three orders of gymnosperms, a group of seed-bearing woody plants that is distinguished from the more recently evolved angiosperms by having seeds borne naked (often but not always in a protective cone) rather than enclosed in a fleshy ovary. The name gymnosperm literally means “naked seed.” There are about 820 gymnosperms worldwide, at least 600 of which are conifers.

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Distribution: Generally found in wet areas without moving water, such as ponds, wet depressions, and shores of lakes; range generally the same as for bald-cypress, perhaps more abundant than bald-cypress slightly farther south.

The Araucaria Family (Araucariaceae)

The Araucariaceae is a predominantly Southern Hemisphere family dominated by long - lived trees. Like most conifers, these are ancient plants with fossil…

Bald-Cypress

Taxodium distichum (Linnaeus) L. C. Richard Color Photos 12,13 Origin: Native Form: Tall, straight deciduous tree to about 40 m tall; older trees often…

Mangroves

The southwestern tip of the Florida peninsula is characterized by a vast jungle of salt-tolerant plants. Bordered on its outer edges by the wide expanse of…

Gru-Gru Palm

Acrocomia totai Martius Color Photos 32,33 Origin: Not native (South America) Form: An erect palm; trunk stout, armed with numerous needlelike spines. Leaves:…

Eastern Red Cedar

Juniperus virginiana Linnaeus 9 Origin: Native Form: Typically a densely vegetated evergreen tree to about 30 m tall and 0.6 m dbh; crown conical, dense, often…

Swamp Cyrilla, Titi

Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus 192 Origin: Native Form: Small, often twisted, thicket-forming tree to about 13 m tall and 40 cm dbh; bark reddish at first,…